Process Of Manufacturing Advanced Ceramics

Ceramic manufacturing is the process of making objects from inorganic, non-metallic materials. This can be done either by the action of heat, or at lower temperatures by means of precipitation reactions from high-purity chemical solutions. This article covers a step by step process of ceramics manufacturing.

Raw Material Processes

The raw materials for making advanced ceramics can be found in powder form. Before forming the suitable blend of raw materials are mixed to make the stock material that would be used in the forming processes. This is generally one of 3 types:

  • A spray dried powder
  • An aqueous slip
  • A dough feedstock

Spray Dried Powder

Spray drying is a very important technique of producing an absolutely free flowing, granulated powder, which is the perfect feedstock for a number of pressing processes. The substance blend is first of all milled in a ball mill in a solvent, like water making use of ceramic balls. At this point inclusion of around 5% of organic binder to the slurry feedstock before spray drying is done. The binder which include a lubricant and pressing aids, assist to give the material high-quality green strength in the upcoming pressing stage. One important stage in the process is the spray and dry which is done by atomising the products in a hot air stream.

manufacturing process of ceramics

Aqueous Slip

Aqueous slip is made by milling jointly the raw material blend in a ball mill in water together with an organic dispersant to create fluid, extremely concentrated slurry, that is employed for slip and pressure casting to make a high green density part.

Ceramic Dough Feedstock

Ceramic dough feedstock is made by blending the ceramic raw material mix with water or any solvent along with a blend of organic binder and plasticiser to make a clay–like plastic body which is usually deformable under pressure.

Forming Processes

Consolidation seeks to manufacture a near net shape part with adequate strength for future handling.

Consolidation Methods

  • Uniaxial Pressing
  • Uniaxial or die pressing

The procedure includes the uniaxial compaction of a spray dried powder in a rigid (typically tool steel) die.

Isostatic Pressing

Isostatic pressing is a consolidation procedure, there are actually two types. In each of the cases a spray dried powder is set in a flexible rubber or polyurethane bag that is exposed to an isostatic pressure.

Slip Casting

Slip casting, also referred to as drain casting, is a small to medium volume consolidation technique for typically simple shapes like tubes and crucibles along with more complex shapes like ladles.

A variation on slip casting is pressure casting. In this instance a pressure is put on the slip in the mould that enables thicker walled or solid parts to be cast.


Extrusion is a medium to high volume consolidation technique for manufacturing simple shapes like small diameter tubes. The dough feedstock gradually changes shape when under intense pressure along with the binders in the mix.

Green Machining

Green machining is the machining of an un-fired ‘green’. These must be performed once the consolidation method employed cannot create the needed shape. For instance, the most convenient way to make a part such as a weld location pin would be to green machine an isostatically pressed rod.


Sintering is the process through which the consolidated green ceramic part is fired to give a dense, advanced technical ceramic. Right before or in this particular stage any organic additives have to be taken out.

Diamond Grinding

Diamond grinding is usually done on a sintered part; it is done for a better surface finish or to take out surface flaws and hence is an alternate process.

Final machining procedures consist of grinding, cutting, honing and lapping and polishing. All these processes needs diamond tooling because of the high hardness of dense advanced ceramics.


Inspection is the last stage of the ceramic manufacturing process and usually includes a visual inspection of the part and dimensional inspection to a drawing. Visual inspection includes looking for cracks or flaws in the part and to ensure the part is clean.

Related Posts

How Do Industrial Chillers Work

How Do Industrial Chillers Work?

Industrial water chillers are utilized for a wide range of applications across many different industries that use process equipment to circulate water or liquid. Some of these…

Rich Factory

Stock Market is a “Rich Factory”

Money doesn’t grow on trees. If you want financial freedom, you have to earn it by doing some effective strategies. Try asking rich people like Jack Ma…

industrial heating element

Heating Element Manufacturing at Under Control Instruments

As a heating element manufacturing, Under Control Instruments can help you to discover heating elements that match your exact requirements. Under Control has developed a wealth of…

Hospitality Business Needs Industrial Laundry

4 Reasons Your Hospitality Business Needs Industrial Laundry

The hospitality industry is not limited to hotels; it also includes other businesses that cater to tourists, vacationers, and even locals. Having a hospitality business that needs industrial…

Insulation Mats for Electrical Purposes

Why Using Insulation Mats for Electrical Purposes is a Wise Choice?

Introduction: Why using insulation mats for electrical purpose are widely used in industries for the protection of high voltage and electrocution? They are used for electrical purposes…

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *